Advantages and Disadvantages of Paint? Describe 5 Paint With Application On Board Ship.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Paint? Describe 5 Paint With Application On Board Ship.

Corrosion resistance.
Prevent Marine Growth.
Anti fouling paint prevent marine growth.
Thermal Protection.
Easy Marking.
Improve appearance.
Increase Service life.

Toxic and Flammable.
Harmful for Environment.
Useless if Thinner or Hardener is not mixed properly.

Paint Scheme on Ship
EPOXY for cargo holds and water ballast tanks. NO PRIMER is to be used for this epoxy paint.
ALKYD – all over the ship except cargo hold and water ballast tanks. Primer to be used as touch-up
only. However, please indicate the primer color as LIGHT GREY while ordering.
ALKYD paint can be used on existing coating – does not matter whether this is ALKYD or EPOXY.


Describe of 5 Paint:
Primer: Corrosion Resistance. Thermal Protection.
Epoxy: Corrosion Resistance. Chemical Resistance. Water Resistance. Expensive. Good surface
preparation is required.
Alkyd: For Superstructure and all over ship, not for Under Water. Finishing Paint.
Bitumin: Applicable to High degrees of wetness. Chain Locker.
Phenolic: Corrosion Resistance. Water Resistance. Chemical Tanker.

Garbage Details. How Will You Segregate Garbage?

Garbage details. How will you segregate garbage? How do you dispose? Garbage management plan

Every ship must have garbage management plan. For garbage minimizing, collecting, storing,
processing, disposing.
From garbage management plan, I can get color code. Also, what equipment to use.

All ships must have garbage record book.

Garbage catagory:
Garbage are group into catagories for recording in part-1 and part-2 of garbage record book.
Part 1 – All garbage other than cargo residues, applicable to all ship.
Part 2 – For cargo residues only applicable to ships that carry solid bulk cargoes.
Plastic (Red)
Food waste (Green)
Domestic waste (Yellow)
Cooking oil (Black)
Incinerator ashes (Gray)
Operational wastes (Blue)
Animal carcasses
Fishing Gear
E-waste (White)

Cargo residue (Non HME)
Cargo residue (HME)
HME – Harmful to marine environment.

Nothing can be dispose to the sea except for food waste.
If comminuted 3 NM (12 NM for special areas)
If not comminuted 12 NM (prohibited on special areas)
All garbage must be given to shore facility.
Must be recorded in the Garbage record book.

Chief officer Duties under GMP:

  • Color code. (Painting Job)
  • UpTo date garbage record book.
  • Check garbage bin for any mixing.
  • Give garbage to shore facility and take certificate.
  • Immediate dispose food waste as per marpol (12 NM).
  • Retention until passed restricted areas.
  • Incineration.
  • Compaction.
  • Recycling.
  • Long term storage.
  • Ensure garbage container is leak proof and covered.
  • Ensure garbage is stored in safe and hygiene manner.
  • Food waste (or decompose materials) must be sealed in airtight bags.
  • DG cargo and chemical powder must be stored in separate bins. Give to shore facility.

  • Yellow color (Domestic waste) – Paper, cardboard, dunnage, glass, metal, bottles, crockery.
    Black – oily rags.
    Grey – incinerator ashes
    Blue – operational wastes -(battery, paint items, medicine, pyrotechnics.)
    White – E-waste (gadget, computer, printer, cartridge)
    When at port and ship is 3 NM from land we can’t operate comminuter and incinerator.
    Incinerator is only for oily waste, sludge.
    Maybe you can use incinerator for non plastic material. Talk with 2nd engineer.

What Is Heavy Weather? And Precautions.

What Is Heavy Weather? And Precautions.

Heavy weather checklist

As per the Beaufort scale, scale 6 is considered to be heavy weather.
Large waves begin to form; the white foam crests are more extensive everywhere. Shipping spraying
on the forecastle and deck.

Heavy weather checklist
Risk assessment
Secure everything before departure even if there is no warning of storms
Update weather forecast
Alternative route to follow
If heavy weather, inform deck, engine, galley department
Secure bridge
Secure engine room
Secure galley
Secure loose items on deck
Secure garbage drum
Cover mooring ropes
Secure and check – life boat, life raft, gangway, pilot ladder, combination ladder,
Anchor lashing
Hose pipe and sparkling pipe covered and cemented
Bosun store alarm system operational
Hatch cover secured
Hatch cleat
Check weather tight door, porthole, sky light
Check ballast tank manhole cover
Hold Water ingress alarm level operational
Rig life line on deck
Life line should be strong
Reduce speed of ship to reduce shipping spray
Head on the swell and wave wind
Hand steering engaged
Both steering motor
No deck work
Master will not allow anyone going on deck
Close gangway door
Check anchor lashing and others when weather improves
If needed, alter course, adjust speed.
Take tank sounding
Check sounding cap is fitted
Report to company, charterer, agent
If required, take shelter and wait for weather getting Improve

Voyage Order Received. Action As Chief Officer. Consider All Aspects.

Voyage Order Received. Action As Chief Officer. Consider All Aspects.

Voyage Order Received. Action?

Vessel seaworthy.
Trading certificates, Major, Minor
Crew certificate
Cargo declaration from shipper
Loading discharging port
Draft restriction
Load line zone
Stowage factor
Transportable moisture limit
Angle of repose
Trimming procedures
Cargo stowage and segregation
Consultant IMSBC
Blue code
IMDG code
Grain code
Loadicator testing
Intact stability criteria
Damage stability criteria
Ice allowance
Weather condition
Garbage disposal regulations
Piracy prone area, chart, reporting, drill, citadel, razor wire
Polar area navigation
Cargo crane and grab
Condition of crane and grab wire
Spare crane wire
Hatch cover condition
Cargo hold condition
Pumping out Bilge, Try out
Water ingress alarm system
CO2 system
Ballast pump condition
Ballast tank
Ballast valve control system
Ballast Deballast rate
Generator power supply
Stripping condition
Gangway ladder, pilot ladder

What Is Your Duty Onboard As C/O?

What Is Your Duty Onboard As C/O?

Chief Officer or Chief Mate Duty on the ship.

He is Second in charge of a ship
Main duty: Cargo work
Must Know Ballast line diagram
Cargo Gear
Inventory and requisition
Anchor and Mooring
Drill and Training
Deal with third party at port.
Deck maintenance
Tool box meeting
Risk assessment
Work safety permit/enclosed space entry
Safe issues
Personal issues
Navigation watch
Compass error when dusk and down
Paper work
Recollecting previous days work
Job sheet for current days
In charge of cargo, Ballast, maintenance, tools, inspection.
Work hour rest hours.
Tank inspection.

CO will talk with second officer, about: –
Responsibilities for any hospital issues
Accommodation issues
Log books
Bridge equipments maintenance record
Medicine related matters
Major Duty: Let the duty officer know any deck work is going on deck
Check messages that is sent from Master
Master will discuss matters related to the voyage and port calls.
He’s often required to attend to or assist in replying to several important messages and queries from
the master, owners, technical manager, charterers, commercial operators or terminals.

CO will talk with third officer, about: –
Fire hydrant
Fire line
Hose box
Fire hose leak test
F Key and Nozzle
Life jacket and immersion suits inspection
SCBA bottles – fill up with air
Life boat seat belts
Bilge pump in Life boat
Muster list
Safety training

He Supervises, assists and advises the deck crew in the jobs.
On board Training.
Motivate crews
In port, being the officer in charge of cargo operations, he witnesses the beginning, completion and
critical stages of cargo operations by himself.
In port, He explains any plan with second officer or third officer.
In port, he’s also the security officer who monitors security measures for various security levels as per
the Ship Security Plan