SOLAS Requirement For Fire
Chapter II-2 of SOLAS contains regulations on fire protection, fire detection and fire extinction. The regulations require that ships should be designed and constructed to minimize the risk of fire and to minimize the spread of fire. The regulations also require that ships should be provided with appropriate means of detecting and extinguishing fires.
Principles for fire protection, fire detection and extinction
- Reduce the occurance of fire and explotion.
- Reduce the risk of life.
- Reduce the risk of damage.
- Control and suppress fire and explotion.
- Adequate means of escape.
- Readily accesible means of escape.
- Division of the ship into main vertical zone and horizontal zones by thermal and structural boundaries.
- Separation of accomodation spaces from rest part of the ship by thermal and structural boundaries.
- Restricted use of combustible materials.
- Detection of any fire in the zone of origin.
- Control and extinction of any fire in the space of origin.
- Means of escape
- Readiness and availability of Fire fighting appliances
- Minimization of the possibility of origin of flammable cargo vapour.